Probiotec Limited (ASX:PBP), USA Truck, Inc. (NasdaqGS:USAK) Quant Signal & Valuation Review

Here we will take a look into some valuation metrics for Probiotec Limited ASX:PBP shares.

Price-To-Cash-Flow-Ratio is a term that indicates the degree of cash flow valuation of the enterprise in the securities market. It is derived from the P/E – Price Earnings Ratio, in which the profit is replaced by cash flow. Unlike P/E, the ratio isn’t affected by the chosen depreciation methods, making it suitable for geographic comparison.  Probiotec Limited currently has a P/CF ratio of -24.641270.

Knowledgeable investors are typically better prepared when deciding what stocks to buy. Having a deeper understanding of companies, sectors, and investment concepts may prove to be a huge boost to the investor’s confidence and profits. Savvy investors generally know how to stick with an investing plan but are able to adapt to any unforeseen market movements. Building lasting wealth is usually at the forefront of many investor strategies. It may be nearly impossible to find explanations for unusual market activity until long after everything has shifted and settled. Being able to take the punches from everyday market happenings may help the investor stay focused on the long-term objectives. As long as there are markets, there will always be news swirling around. There will constantly be talk of the bulls and the bears, market corrections, sell-offs, and such. Being able to wade through the headlines to get down to the nitty-gritty important stuff is where the market masters make their living. Being able to focus on the right information can be a gigantic boost to the health of the individual investor’s portfolio. Finding out what works and what doesn’t can also play big part in coming out on top in the stock market. Although it may not be an easy endeavor, it may be attainable with the right amount of perseverance and dedication.

Volatility

Watching some historical volatility numbers on shares of Probiotec Limited (ASX:PBP), we can see that the 12 month volatility is presently 31.580300. The 6 month volatility is 36.111600, and the 3 month is spotted at 34.759800. Following volatility data can help measure how much the stock price has fluctuated over the specified time period. Although past volatility action may help project future stock volatility, it may also be vastly different when taking into account other factors that may be driving price action during the measured time period. 

We can now take a quick look at some historical stock price index data. Probiotec Limited (ASX:PBP) presently has a 10 month price index of 1.22297. The price index is calculated by dividing the current share price by the share price ten months ago. A ratio over one indicates an increase in share price over the period. A ratio lower than one shows that the price has decreased over that time period. Looking at some alternate time periods, the 12 month price index is 1.33333, the 24 month is 3.56132, and the 36 month is 4.54167. Narrowing in a bit closer, the 5 month price index is 1.16883, the 3 month is 1.16129, and the 1 month is currently 1.14650.

Valuation Ratios

Looking at some ROIC (Return on Invested Capital) numbers, Probiotec Limited (ASX:PBP)’s ROIC is 0.106391. The ROIC 5 year average is 0.059669 and the ROIC Quality ratio is 2.582649. ROIC is a profitability ratio that measures the return that an investment generates for those providing capital. ROIC helps show how efficient a firm is at turning capital into profits.  In terms of EBITDA Yield, Probiotec Limited (ASX:PBP) currently has a value of 0.075284. This value is derived by dividing EBITDA by Enterprise Value.

The Price to Book ratio (Current share price / Book value per share) is a good valuation measure you can use to find undervalued investment ideas.  A low Price to Book could indicate that the shares are undervalued in their industry.  Generally speaking a P/B ratio under 1 is considered low and is best used in relation to asset-heavy firms.  At the time of writing Probiotec Limited (ASX:PBP) has a price to book ratio of 2.167585.

The Leverage Ratio of Probiotec Limited (ASX:PBP) is 0.307112. Leverage ratio is the total debt of a company divided by total assets of the current and past year divided by two. Companies take on debt to finance their day to day operations. The leverage ratio can measure how much of a company’s capital comes from debt. With this ratio, investors can better estimate how well a company will be able to pay their long and short term financial obligations.

With so many different stock trading strategies to choose from, new investors may become overwhelmed when presented with all the possible options. Some investors will choose to rely on the expertise of professionals, while others will try to have a go at it on their own. Investors who prefer to do their own research and make their own investment decisions are quite common these days. Of course there is no set in stone way to properly trade the stock market. Markets and economic situations are constantly changing. Staying on top of all the latest information and global developments can be challenging. Investors who are able to stay the course and put in the required time might be able to eventually give themselves a leg up in the future.

There are many different tools to determine whether a company is profitable or not.  One of the most popular ratios is the “Return on Assets” (aka ROA).  This score indicates how profitable a company is relative to its total assets.  The Return on Assets for Probiotec Limited (ASX:PBP) is 0.120984.  This number is calculated by dividing net income after tax by the company’s total assets.  A company that manages their assets well will have a higher return, while a company that manages their assets poorly will have a lower return.

The Value Composite One (VC1) is a method that investors use to determine a company’s value.  The VC1 of Probiotec Limited (ASX:PBP) is 42.  A company with a value of 0 is thought to be an undervalued company, while a company with a value of 100 is considered an overvalued company.  The VC1 is calculated using the price to book value, price to sales, EBITDA to EV, price to cash flow, and price to earnings.  Similarly, the Value Composite Two (VC2) is calculated with the same ratios, but adds the Shareholder Yield.  The Value Composite Two of Probiotec Limited (ASX:PBP) is 33.

When the stock market is doing well, there may be plenty of winners in the portfolio. Figuring out when to sell a winner can be a tricky proposition. Many investors will be quick to take profits while others may want to hold out for further gains. Selling winners too early or holding on to winners too long may have a negative impact on the trading portfolio. Finding that balance between securing profits and holding out to take higher profits in the future can be very helpful for the active investor. 

At the time of writing, Probiotec Limited (ASX:PBP) has a Piotroski F-Score of 5. The F-Score may help discover companies with strengthening balance sheets. The score may also be used to spot the weak performers. Joseph Piotroski developed the F-Score which employs nine different variables based on the company financial statement. A single point is assigned to each test that a stock passes. Typically, a stock scoring an 8 or 9 would be seen as strong. On the other end, a stock with a score from 0-2 would be viewed as weak.

The Price to book ratio is the current share price of a company divided by the book value per share.  The Price to Book ratio for Probiotec Limited ASX:PBP is 2.167585.  A lower price to book ratio indicates that the stock might be undervalued.  Similarly, Price to cash flow ratio is another helpful ratio in determining a company’s value.  The Price to Cash Flow for Probiotec Limited (ASX:PBP) is -24.641270.  This ratio is calculated by dividing the market value of a company by cash from operating activities.  Additionally, the price to earnings ratio is another popular way for analysts and investors to determine a company’s profitability.  The price to earnings ratio for Probiotec Limited (ASX:PBP) is 9.535960. This ratio is found by taking the current share price and dividing by earnings per share.

When it comes to investing, people are generally told to make sure that they don’t put all their eggs in one basket. This saying can apply to investing in the stock market as well. Keeping the stock portfolio diversified can greatly behoove the individual investor. When hard earned money is on the line, individuals may want to pay extra attention as to how their equity holdings are spread out. Many investors will choose to pick stocks that combine large cap, small cap, and even international stocks. Although stock portfolio diversification does not eliminate risk, it can help reduce it during tumultuous market conditions.

In order to determine if a company is fairly valued, we can look at a number of different ratios and metrics.  First off we’ll take a look at the Price to Cash Flow ratio of USA Truck, Inc. (NasdaqGS:USAK).  The firm currently has a P/CF ratio of 1.901607.

This is the current Price divided by Cash Flow Per Share for the trailing twelve months. Cash Flow is defined as Income After Taxes minus Preferred Dividends and General Partner Distributions plus Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization.

Investors might be trying to step up their game in order to play a more active role with their investments. Investors who keep a close watch on what is happening with their money may be putting themselves in a good spot to attain financial success in the markets. Being knowledgeable and comfortable about investments may be a great way to be certain that the hard earned money is working for the individual. Wise investors typically have a detailed plan that entails realistic expectations about profits in the stock market. There will always be risks dealing with the equity market, but hoping to get lucky may lead to severe losses and other pitfalls down the road. Everyone may have a different risk threshold when it comes to investing. It may be highly important to evaluate one’s own overall financial situation before going full throttle into the markets.

Profitability

The Return on Invested Capital (aka ROIC) for USA Truck, Inc. (NasdaqGS:USAK) is 0.074952.  The Return on Invested Capital is a ratio that determines whether a company is profitable or not.  It tells investors how well a company is turning their capital into profits.  The ROIC is calculated by dividing the net operating profit (or EBIT) by the employed capital.  The employed capital is calculated by subrating current liabilities from total assets.  Similarly, the Return on Invested Capital Quality ratio is a tool in evaluating the quality of a company’s ROIC over the course of five years.  The ROIC Quality of USA Truck, Inc. (NasdaqGS:USAK) is 2.220604.  This is calculated by dividing the five year average ROIC by the Standard Deviation of the 5 year ROIC.  The ROIC 5 year average is calculated using the five year average EBIT, five year average (net working capital and net fixed assets).  The ROIC 5 year average of USA Truck, Inc. (NasdaqGS:USAK) is 0.018647.

USA Truck, Inc. (NasdaqGS:USAK) has a Price to Book ratio of 0.873626. This ratio is calculated by dividing the current share price by the book value per share. Investors may use Price to Book to display how the market portrays the value of a stock. Checking in on some other ratios, the company has a Price to Cash Flow ratio of 1.901607, and a current Price to Earnings ratio of 7.246086. The P/E ratio is one of the most common ratios used for figuring out whether a company is overvalued or undervalued.

After a recent scan, we can see that USA Truck, Inc. (NasdaqGS:USAK) has a Shareholder Yield of -0.022581 and a Shareholder Yield (Mebane Faber) of -1.42802. The first value is calculated by adding the dividend yield to the percentage of repurchased shares. The second value adds in the net debt repaid yield to the calculation. Shareholder yield has the ability to show how much money the firm is giving back to shareholders via a few different avenues. Companies may issue new shares and buy back their own shares. This may occur at the same time. Investors may also use shareholder yield to gauge a baseline rate of return.

The EBITDA Yield is a great way to determine a company’s profitability.  This number is calculated by dividing a company’s earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization by the company’s enterprise value.  Enterprise Value is calculated by taking the market capitalization plus debt, minority interest and preferred shares, minus total cash and cash equivalents.  The EBITDA Yield for USA Truck, Inc. (NasdaqGS:USAK) is 0.191330. 

There are many different tools to determine whether a company is profitable or not.  One of the most popular ratios is the “Return on Assets” (aka ROA).  This score indicates how profitable a company is relative to its total assets.  The Return on Assets for USA Truck, Inc. (NasdaqGS:USAK) is 0.040484.  This number is calculated by dividing net income after tax by the company’s total assets.  A company that manages their assets well will have a higher return, while a company that manages their assets poorly will have a lower return.

Quant Scores

The Gross Margin Score is calculated by looking at the Gross Margin and the overall stability of the company over the course of 8 years.  The score is a number between one and one hundred (1 being best and 100 being the worst).  The Gross Margin Score of USA Truck, Inc. (NasdaqGS:USAK) is 11.00000.  The more stable the company, the lower the score.  If a company is less stable over the course of time, they will have a higher score.

The C-Score is a system developed by James Montier that helps determine whether a company is involved in falsifying their financial statements.  The C-Score is calculated by a variety of items, including a growing difference in net income verse cash flow, increasing days outstanding, growing days sales of inventory, increasing assets to sales, declines in depreciation, and high total asset growth.  The C-Score of USA Truck, Inc. (NasdaqGS:USAK) is 4.00000.  The score ranges on a scale of -1 to 6.  If the score is -1, then there is not enough information to determine the C-Score.  If the number is at zero (0) then there is no evidence of fraudulent book cooking, whereas a number of 6 indicates a high likelihood of fraudulent activity. The C-Score assists investors in assessing the likelihood of a company cheating in the books.

The ERP5 Rank is an investment tool that analysts use to discover undervalued companies.  The ERP5 looks at the Price to Book ratio, Earnings Yield, ROIC and 5 year average ROIC.  The ERP5 of USA Truck, Inc. (NasdaqGS:USAK) is 6512.  The lower the ERP5 rank, the more undervalued a company is thought to be.

At the time of writing, USA Truck, Inc. (NasdaqGS:USAK) has a Piotroski F-Score of 5. The F-Score may help discover companies with strengthening balance sheets. The score may also be used to spot the weak performers. Joseph Piotroski developed the F-Score which employs nine different variables based on the company financial statement. A single point is assigned to each test that a stock passes. Typically, a stock scoring an 8 or 9 would be seen as strong. On the other end, a stock with a score from 0-2 would be viewed as weak.

Checking in on some valuation rankings, USA Truck, Inc. (NasdaqGS:USAK) has a Value Composite score of 2. Developed by James O’Shaughnessy, the VC score uses five valuation ratios. These ratios are price to earnings, price to cash flow, EBITDA to EV, price to book value, and price to sales. The VC is displayed as a number between 1 and 100. In general, a company with a score closer to 0 would be seen as undervalued, and a score closer to 100 would indicate an overvalued company. Adding a sixth ratio, shareholder yield, we can view the Value Composite 2 score which is currently sitting at 8.

Most investors are aware that not all stocks will be performing well at the same time. Different stocks may have alternate reactions to various economic factors, world events, and business happenings. When one stock is up, another one might be on the way down. Keeping the portfolio full of names from different sectors can help offset imbalances when one stock or sector may be performing poorly while another stock or sector is doing well. Diversification is typically recommended with all types of investing. Many factors may come into play when trying to pick the right stocks to own. Investors may want to figure out how much they are willing to risk, and what kinds of returns they are looking for. Many beginner investors may not be comfortable picking stocks on their own. Seeking professional advice may be one avenue to pursue, but it is usually a good idea to know exactly what holdings are in the portfolio at all times, as markets can move quickly and without notice.

Receive News & Ratings Via Email - Enter your email address below to receive a concise daily summary of the latest news and analysts' ratings with MarketBeat.com's FREE daily email newsletter.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*